About Montenegro

Montenegro. About Montenegro and a Guide to Montenegro. Useful information about Montenegro;

Montenegro is a small country in southeastern Europe. Crna Gora is the indigenous appellation and both names mean “Black Mountain.” The name “Black mountain” is due to the fact the mountains of the area have always been covered in black pine (pinusnegra). Podgorica is the current capital. Along the Boka Kotorska, (as of 2009) there was about 100,000 people. 55% of whom are  Montenegrin, Serbs (18% approx), Albanians (2%), Muslims (3%), Croats (8%), Irish/English (7%) and others (based on the 2006 census). Populations around coastal areas towards Croatia are mostly of Orthodox Christian.  Some are Roman Catholics. Both religions follow very similar traditions. Above is about Montenegro. The following content will act as a guide to Montenegro and I hope you find useful information here about Montenegro.

About Montenegro;

By thenature of its location this country belongs to the Middle Mediterranean region. Similar to southern Europe style and is one of the two small countries of the Republic of Yugoslavia. It is located between 41 52′- 43o 42′ north latitude and 18o 26′-20o22′ east longitude. Montenegro to the southeast borders on Albania, to the south it shares the Adriatic Sea with Italy. To the west its neighbours are Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The official language is Serbian and the most often spoken languages are English, Italian and German. Montenegro has also recently adopted the Euro as its own currency.

It is a republic of 635,000 citizens on the Adriatic coast within the Balkan Peninsula and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a modern society. Moreover, it has embraced the Euro, reforming its money system, adopting easy to see rules with foreign organizations, while developing new business opportunities through privatization and variety in its economy.

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As of 4th February 2003 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia formally stopped. The new union was formed.. A new, looser union, known formally as the State Union of Serbia and it officially came into place on this date.  Serbia and Montenegro is the last of the major European changing economies. As such, it provides a lot of opportunities for both exporters and investors that are unlikely to be repeated.

Guide to Montenegro;


Montenegro. A guide to montenegro and about montenegro.

Until now, here is a relatively undiscovered jewel off the beaten track. It offers a wealth of stunning scenery, history and culture. The name Montenegro or Crna Gora, means Black Mountain, an apt description for this beautiful, mountainous country. Although, down by the coast the mountains are actually really white.

Situated on the southern border of Croatia and neighboured by Bosnia, Serbia and Albania. This republic offers 293 km of stunning Adriatic coast line. A Mediterranean climate encourages a relatively slow pace of life and holiday makers will find it easy to slip into the meandering life style for a truly relaxing break. If the clear blue waters do not entice you on to the beaches, other activities abound. From leisurely trips around the many historical or cultural sites, to exploration across the national parks, there really is something for everyone. Considered for, really adventurous diving, white-water rafting, climbing, and paragliding. These are among the activities on offer and for those preferring a winter trip, there is skiing.

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Formerly a part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, before being alongside Serbia now is known as the union of Serbia and Montenegro. This is a loose political alliance which allows both countries considerable freedom. Spared much of the devastation faced by other Former-Yugoslav countries during the civil war of the 90’s, it nevertheless suffered considerable economic hardship. It is now going through a period of rapid change and economic growth. Being a little rough around the edges adds much to Montenegro’s charm, but it is a safe and welcoming country.

A paradise for nature lovers, bird watchers, sports freaks, artists, historians or simply beach loungers, why not try a trip to this fascinating country? A first taste of what it has to offer will leave you thirsting for more!

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About tourism in Montenegro;
The geographical position of the country, a coastline of 200 km and a great variety of cultural, historical and natural treasures such as high mountains, deep valleys, glaciers, or a largely diverse flora and fauna. This makes Montenegro one of the most beautiful countries in the Mediterranean. Such variety on such a small territory makes it a unique country. It has four different climate types and with that a number of geographical variations, giving to it, from the standpoint of tourism, many comparative advantages.

The coast of this beautiful country, which lies on the South Adriatic Sea, falls into the cleanest and warmest seas of the Mediterranean. In order to protect the exceptional nature and its values, the Parliament of Montenegro named Montenegro an Ecological State in 1991, making the country one of its kind.

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It is fair to say that it’s 293 km long coast offers many exceptional attractions such as a number of sandy beaches and coves. In addition, the specific blue-green color of the clear sea, olive plants, Mediterranean flora and fauna, the background with high mountains and the bay of Kotor. This is one of the most beautiful fiords on the Mediterranean.

Tourism is key. Today, huge efforts are being made concerning the promotion and development of the tourism sector. The Government marked tourism as one of the most impportant industries in the country, and according to the Master Plan for tourism development, the country aims to become one of the most attractive destinations on the Mediterranean, somewhat like a ‘new Majorca’.

Currently, the country receives over 4 million visitors per year . This is 40% of the tourist numbers enjoyed in the late 1980s.

Useful information about montenegro and the country facts:

The following page contains information that is dated 2009. Possible changes may apply but this information should act as a good general gauge of the country.

  • Country State
  • Federal States of Serbia & M)(State, area 21,506 km )
  • Political system.
  • Multi-party parliamentary republic.
  • Population
  • 650,000
  • Currency
  • Euro
  • Per capita GDP
  • USD$2950 (EBRD, 2000/2001)
  • Capital
  • Podgorica (pop. 118,000)
  • Language
  • Serbo/Croat (English common for tourism/business)
  • Coast
  • Adriatic Sea, 293km coastline (117 bays)
  • Climate
  • Mediterranean (av. 14o – 30o C)
  • International Status.
  • Designated supported zone: EU, UK & USA.
  • EU Membership Status.
  • Prospective member, expected 2006 – 2010
  • Ecological status.
  • Worlds first Ecological State.
  • Property (estimated comparison)
  • Croatia = 130%, Bulgaria = 70%.

About Tourism in 2002;

150,000 (growth est. 20%+ p.a.), pre Balkan war tourism = 500.

EU Status (Wealthy)

Tourism, agri/fish (oil/gas potential near Bar)


Adriatic Sea, 293km coastline (117 bays)

Cost of living (lower than western Europe)

Est. 20% of EU average.

Useful information about Communications;

2 international airports (seasonal) 10+ UK airports fly to region Rail access via West, Central & Eastern Europe Road access via Adriatic highway, links with major EU road networks (i.e. 2 or 3 days drive from UK) Established/maturing digital & broadband telecoms infrastructure.

Cultural influences

On the cusp of east/west divide throughout history. Religion mainly Orthodox Christian.

More about Montenegro. A guide to Touristic Heritage in Montenegro;

The Coast is a time lock for the traditional ‘Venetian’ architecture, while lake/mountain districts retain the winter romance of 19th/20th century Austria.The 2nd largest canyon in the world (1st = Grand Canyon) and the largest in Europe, created by the river Tara, plus the only southern Fjord in Europe.Clean sea plus clean fresh water combined with clean air and diverse terrain.